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Born in Quimper, France September 3, 1846.
He was a pupil of Marmontel and Bazin at the Paris Conservatoire, and became officier of the Academie and officier of public instruction. His published compositions include a large number of piano pieces and exercises. They are especially melodious and pleasing.
Lang, Margaret Ruthven
Born in Boston, Mass., November 27, 1867.
She studied composition with Gluth (Munich) and orchestration with Chadwick (Boston). Her compositions include songs, pianoforte solos, and larger works, such as a "Dramatic Overture", performed by the Boston Symphony Orchestra.
Born in Schwerstedt, near Erfurt, Prussian Saxony, August 13, 1830.
He was remarkable for the great number of his productions, most of which were light, popular piano pieces.He died in Wernigerode, July 20, 1889
Born in Germany, October 20, 1851.
He studied harmony, counterpoint, and composition, with Wilhelm Fritze. After several years of activity in England as a musical director and conductor, he came to the Untied States in 1889, and was appointed solo 'cellist with Bochert's Boston Symphony Club. Subsequently he settled in New York City. As a teacher of violoncello, and as an orchestral arranger he has attained wide distinction.
Lanner, Joseph (Franz Karl)
Born in Dobling, near Vienna, April 12, 1801.
He taught himself both in composition and on the violin, and organized a quartet in which Johann Strauss the elder took the viola. This quartet gradually expanded into a full orchestra, which was in great demand, and which Lanner alternated with Strauss in conducting at the court balls. Lanner was the originator of the modern Viennese waltz, which he developed from the Landler, a form of folk dance. His compositions, chiefly waltzes, number more than 200.
He died in Vienna, April 14, 1843.
Born in Copenhagen, April 13, 1830.
He received his musical training in the Brussels Conservatory, and from 1861 until his retirement in 1895 was court kapellmeister at Weimar, Germany. His works cover a wide range, including three operas, two symphonies, several overtures, and many songs and part-songs.
He died in Weimar, January 15, 1904.
Born in Vercheres, Quebec, Canada, December 28, 1842.
He studied in Paris under Marmontel, Bazin, and Boieldieu, and made his first public appearance when ten years old. In 1886-87 he made a concert tour of the United States. His works include a symphony, two operas, an oratorio, etudes for pianoforte, and string quartets.
He died in Boston, Mass., in 1891.
Lefebure-Wely, Louis James Alfred
Born in Paris, France, November 13, 1817.
From 1847 to 1858 he was organist at the Madeleine, Paris, and from 1863 until his death at St. Sulpice. He was particularly known for his remarkable improvisations. His compositions include symphonies, "Cantiques" and offertories for the organ, and popular music for the pianoforte.
He died in Paris, December 31, 1869.
Born in Lemberg (Galicia), Austria, in 1831.
He studied in Vienna and, after several successful concert tours as a pianoforte virtuoso, became a professor in the St. Petersburg conservatory. In 1878 he left Russia and in 1880 began teaching in Vienna, whence he later removed to Wiesbaden. As an instructor he attained a high reputation; Paderewski was among his pupils, and he received many American students.
Born in Gambsheim, Alsace, July 17, 1817.
He was a teacher, and also composed numerous pianoforte pieces of a popular character; likewise organ and church music, and music of other forms.
He died in Toulouse, May 23, 1891.
Born in St. Petersburg, Russia, May 11, 1855.
He was a pupil of Johansen and Rimsky-Korsakoff at the St. Petersburg conservatory, and subsequently became professor of harmony in that institution. His brilliant pianoforte pieces are his principal compositions.
Born in Harpersdorf (Silesia), Germany, March 6, 1829.
He was cantor, organist, and director of the Sangerbund at Breslau, and wrote overtures, symphonies, songs, choruses for male voices, and pianoforte pieces.
He died in Breslau in 1898.
Born in Raiding, Hungary, October 22, 1811.His father instructed him till he was nine years old, when he made his first public appearance as a pianist, playing a concerto. At this and subsequent concerts he performed with such success that several Hungarian noblemen guaranteed the expenses of his further education. He went to Vienna and studied with Czerny (piano) and Salieri (theory). Later he studied in Paris under Paer and Reicha. Before 1830 he was said by critics to be the most extraordinary pianist ever known. His real career began about 1839, when he made an extended tour through Europe, arousing great enthusiasm.
In 1849 Liszt settled at Weimar and accepted the conductorship of the court theater, a position that he retained till 1861. He established himself as the advocate of the young generation by staging modern works of real value, "Lohengrin" and "Tannhauser" being among those he brought out. Weimar soon became a great musical cneter, young and enthusiastic men coming from all sides to hear the company of singers inspired by the genius of their leader.
Liszt's residence at Weimar was also notable for his best known compositions. The include: "Faust" and the "Divina Commedia", grand symphonies; "Hungarian Rhapsodies"; the oratorio "St. Elizabeth"; the "Grand Mass"; the oratorio "Christus"; and numerous other works. Liszt took minor orders in the Catholic Church in 1865, and soon after received the title of Abbe. He published monographs on Chopin and Franz, essays on Wagner's operas, and other writings.
As a composer, Liszt developed the symphony and gave to music the sympohic poem; as a pianist, he held the highest rank; and as a conductor he won well earned fame and many friends. His interpretation of Wagner exceeded the fondest hopes of that composer. His influence upon the rising generation was unbounded.
He died in Bayreuth, Bavaria, July 31, 1886.
Loeschhorn, C. A.
Lortzing, Gustav Albert
Louis Ferdinand (Friedrich Christian Ludwig), Prince
Born near Berlin, November 18, 1772.
He was the son of Prince August Ferdinand of Prussia, and a nephew of Frederick the Great. He was an amateur pianist and composer of real talent. His nocturnes, especially that entitled "Departed Days", are known by many musicians. His quartet in F minor is another of his most familiar works.
He was killed at the battle of Saalfeld, October 10, 1806
Jean Baptiste Lulli
Lysberg (Charles Samuel Bovy)
Born in Lysberg, near Geneva, Switzerland, March 1, 1821.
He studied in Paris under Chopin and Delaire. When he returned to Geneva he was appointed professor of pianoforte at the Geneva Conservatoire. The name Lysberg, under which he published his compositions, was used by Bovy in order that he might hide his failure if they did not succeed. His writings, numbering more than 350, are mainly pianoforte pieces.
He died in Geneva, February 15, 1873.
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