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Abaco, Evaristo Felice Dall
Abbatini, Antonio Maria
Philippe Pierre De St. Seven and Pierre De St. Seven Abbe
Abeille, Joh. Chr. Ludwig
Abel, Charles Frederic
Abel, Clamor Heinrich
Born in Westphalia about the middle of the 17th century, chamber musician to the court of Hanover. His work Erstlinge Musikalischer Blumen appeared first in three vols. (Frankfort, 1674, 1676 and 1677), afterwards united under the title Drei Opera musica(Brunswick, 1687).
Abel, Leopold August
Abert, Johann Joseph
The Misses Abrams
Born in Eilenburg, Prussian Saxony, December 22 1819.
He studied theology at Leipzig, but abandoned it for music. In 1841 he became kapellmeister a the court theater in Bernburg, and soon after took a similar position in Zurich, where he remained till 1852. He was then called to Brunswick as chief conductor of the orchestra in the royal theater. In 1882 he retired to Wiesbaden. Many of his songs (for example, "When the Swallows Homeward Fly") and part-songs are popular favorites. Simplicity of melody, rather than great depth, characterizes his work. In 1872 he visited the United States.
He died in Wiesbaden, March 31, 1885.
Adam, Adolphe Charles
Adam, Louis Johann Ludwig
Adami Da Bolsena, Andrea
Born at Bolsena in Oct 1663. On the recommendation of Cardinal Ottoboni (Corelli's patron) he was appointed master of the Pope's chapel, and acting professor of music. While in this post Adami wrote 'Osservazioni per ben regolare il Coro dei Cantori della Cappella Pontificia', etc. (Rome 1711), which is in reality a history of the Papal chapel, with twelve portraits and memoirs of the principal singers. He died, July 22, 1742, much esteemed both as a man and an musician.
Adlgasser, Anton Cajetan
He was born April 3, 1728, at Inzell in Bavaria. After being a pupil of Eberlin's he was sent to Italy by the Archbishop of Salzbrug, and recalled thence to the post of organist to the cathedral and cembalist to the court at Salzburg, where he died Dec. 21, 1777, from an apoplectic stroke while at the organ. Adlgasser was noted both as organ player and contrapuntist. His works remain mostly in manuscript.
Adrien (Andrien), Martin Joseph
Aelsters, Georges Jacques
He was born of a musical family at Ghent, 1770, died there April 11, 1849; carillonneur of that town from 1788 to 1839; for fifty years director of the music at the church of St. Martin, and composer of much church music still performed in Flanders, especially a 'Miserere'.
Aelsters, Georges Jacques
Born of a musical family at Ghent, 1770, died there April 11, 1849; carillonneur of that town from 1788 to 1839; for fifty years director of the music at the church of St. Martin, and composer of much church music still performed in Flanders, especially a 'Miserere.'
Affilard, Michel L
Michel L Affilard, a tenor signer in the choir of Louis XIV. from 1683 to 1708, with a salary of 900 livres. His work on singing at sight, 'Principes tres faciles,' etc., in which the time of the airs is regulated by a pendulum,--precursor of the metronome--passed through seven editions (Paris, 1691; Amsterdam, 1717).
Afranio lived in the beginning of the 16th century, a canon of Ferrara, and reputed inventor of the bassoon, on the ground of a wind instrument ofhis called Phagotum. The instrument sufficiently resembles the modern bassoon or fagotto to make good Afranio's right.
Afzelius, Arvid August
Afzelius was born at Enkoping, Sweden May 6, 1785 and died Sept 25, 1871, a pastor and archaeologist; edited conjointly with Geijer a collection of Swedish national melodies 'Svenska Folkvisor,' 3 vols. (Stockholm, 1814-16, continued by Arwidsson), and wrote the historical notes to another collection, 'Afsked af Svenska Folksharpan' (Stockholm, 1848).
Agnesi, Louis Ferdinand Leopold
Agnesi, Maria Teresa
She was born at Milan, 1724, died about 1780; sister of the renowned scholar, Maria Gaetana Agnesi; a celebreated pianist of her time, composed five operas, 'Sofonisbe,' 'Ciro in Armenia,' 'Nitoeri,' 'Il Re Pastore' and 'Insubria consolata' (1771), several cantatas, two pianoforte concertos, and sonatas, well known in Germany.
Ludovico was born 1534 at Ferrara. In holy orders, and both poet and composer. Became chapel master to Alfonso II., Duke of Este, and died Sept 20, 1590. Collections of madrigals, and other vocal works were published at Milan, Venice, and Ferrara between 1567 and 1586.
Agostini, Pietro Simone
He was born at Rome about 1650, was maestro de cappella to the Duke of Parma. He is known for two oratorios, several motets, and cantatas, as well as two operas, one of which is 'Il Ratto delle Sabine, performed at Venice 1680.
Agrell, Johann Joachim
He was born at Loth in Sweden, Feb 1, 1701; studied at Linkoping and Upsala. Appointed court musician at Cassel in 1723, an din 1746 conductor at Nuremberg, where he died Jan 19, 1765. He left nine published works, concertos, sonatas, etc., and many more manuscripts.
Agricola, Georg Ludwig
Johann Agricola was born at Nuremberg about 1570, professor of music in the Gymnasium at Erfurt in 1611, and composer of three collections of motets (Nuremberg, 1601-1611).
Agricola, Johann Friedrich
Agricola, Wolfgang Christoph
Wolfgang Agricola lived about the middle of the 17th century, composed a 'Fasciculus Musicalis' for two voices (Wurzburg, 1637), a book of masses (ib. 1647), an d'Fasciculus variarum cantionum,' of motets (ib. 1648).
Agthe, Carl Christian
Aguilera De Heredia, Sebastian
He was a monk and Spanish composer at the beginning of the 17th century. His chief work was a collection of Magnificats for four, five, six, seven, and eight voices (1618), many of which are still sung in the cathedral of Saragossa, where he directed the music, and at other churches in Spain.
He was born in 1749, died 1798; composer and professor of solfeggio in the Conservatoire of Paris (1795). The only works attributed with certainty to him, are educational. Another Agus, named Joseph is the author of a number of works, which display more learning than genius, and consist of trios for strings, duets, glees, catches, etc., published in London, where he lived for some time, and six duos concertants for two violins, published by Barbiere (Paris) as the op. 37 of Boccherini.
Ahle, Johann Rudolph
Ahlstroem was born August 14, 1756; a Swedish composer, organist at the church of St. Jakob, Stockholm, and court accompanist; composed sonatas for pianoforte (Stockholm, 1783 and 1786), cantatas, and songs, and edited with Boman Walda svenska Folkdansar och Folkledar, a collection of Swedish popular airs. He was also editor for two years of a Swedish musical periodical Musikalisk Tidsfordrift. He died August 11, 1835.
Ahna, Heinrich Karl Hermann De
Aiblinger, Johann Caspar
Aimon, Pamphile Leopold Francois
He was a violoncellist and composer, born at L'Isle, near Avignon, Oct. 4, 1779; conducted the orchestra of the theatre in Marseilles when only seventeen, that of the Gymnase Dramatique in Paris 1821, and of the Theatre Francais, on the retirement of Baudron, 1822. Of his seven operas only two were performed, the 'Jeux Floraux' (1818), and 'Michel et Christine' (1821), the last with great success. A third, 'Les Sybarites', was published in 1831. He also composed numerous string quartets, trios, and duos (Paris and Lyons), and was the author of Connaissances preliminaires de L'Harmonie, and other treatises. He died in Paris Feb. 2, 1865.
He was organist of St Gudule, at Brussels, about 1628; composed three books of symphonies (Antwerp 1644, 1647, and 1649). A certain Jean Florent A'Kempis was organist of another church in Brussels from about 1657; he was certainly the author of a book of 'Cantiones' published at Antwerp in 1657, and possibly wrote the 'Missae et Motetta' and a requiem, the former of which, published at Antwerp in 1650, has been also ascribed to the other A'Kempis.
He was a native of Yorkshire, was a very popular and prolific composer of songs in the latter part of the 17th century. Many of his compositions are contained in the following collections of the period: 'D'Urfey's Third Collection of Songs' 1685; 'The Theatre of Musick', 1685-87; 'Vinculum Societatis', 1687; 'Comes Amoris', 1687-94; 'The Banquet of Musick', 1688; 'Thesaurus Musicus', 1693-96; and in The Gentleman's Journal, 1692-94. He was also a contributor to the Third Part of D'Urfey's 'Don Quixote', 1696.
Ala, Giovanni Battista
He was born at Monza about the end of the 16th century, died at the age of thirty two; organist of the Church dei Servitori, in Milan, and composer of canzonets, madrigals, and operas (Milan, 1617, 1625), 'Concerti ecclesiastici' (Milan 1618, 1621, 1628), and several motets in the 'Pratum musicum' (Antwerp, 1634), and in the 'Juscinia Sacra' (Antwerp, 1633).
Alabiev, Alexander Nicholaevich
Albert, Charles Louis Napoleon d'
Born near Hamburg, Germany, February 25, 1809.
His father, a captain in the French cavalry, died when his son was hardly eight years old. His mother then took him to England, and from her he received his first musical training. His first position was that of ballet-master at the Kings' Theater, London. Later, he taught dancing and composed dance music. He lived many years at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, then returned to London, where he passed the rest of his life. Among his well known pieces are "Bridal Polka", "Sweethearts Waltz", "Sultan's Polka", and "Edinburgh Quadrille".
He died in London, May 26 1886.
Albert, Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel (Prince Albert)
He was Prince Consort of Queen Victoria, second son of Ernest Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, was born at Rosenau, Coburg, August 26, 1819, married Feb. 10, 1840, and died Dec. 14, 1861.
Albergati, Count Pirro Capacelli
Artchiboucheff, Nicolas Vassilievitch
Born in Tsarskoe-Selo, Russia, March 7, 1858.
He studied law and practiced as an advocate, but is known wholly for his musical works, among which are numerous pianoforte transcriptions, two mazurkas for pianoforte, and a few songs.
She was the daughter of a music-master named Howson, was born May 1, 1814.
She died of consumption, Sept. 25, 1847.
Albrechtsberger, John George
Apell, David A
Thomas Augustine Arne
Born in Groningen, Holland, June 4, 1829.
He was a pupil of Moscheles in London and at the Conservatorium at Leipzig. In 1849 he went to Paris, where he was subsequently for some time court pianist. His compositions, numbering about a hundred salon pieces, include galops, mazurkas, nocturnes, etudes and transcriptions. They are of moderate difficulty, and contain elements of grace and finish. "La Perle du Nord" and "Dozia" both mazurkas and "Les Gouttes d'Eau", an etude, are among the best.
He died in London June 4, 1869
Astorga, Emanuel D'
Auber, Daniel Francois Esprit
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